Alderfer's ERG Motivation Theory

600 Words2 Pages
Abstract Alderfer's existence, relatedness, and growth (ERG) motivation theory has been praised by reviewers as providing a more complete model of Maslow's motivation principles. It reduces Maslow's five hierarchies to three categories; explains dynamics of organizational behavior; provides a more liberal and variegated perspective of human conduct; whilst the combined processes of satisfaction-progression and frustration-regression convincingly explains patterns of conduct of humans in and out of work-related situations. Introduction Alderfer's ERG motivation theory endeavors to even out gaps in Maslow's original theory. Clayton Alderfer groups human needs into three categories: existence, relatedness, and growth (ERG). To elaborate on them, Alderfer explains them in the following way: Existence - Existence needs correspond with Maslow's strata of physiologic and safety needs. This includes the elemental and primary needs of food, shelter, and basic human drives being met Relatedness- Relatedness refers to Maslow's belonging needs which encompasses the needs for human connectedness and interpersonal safety, security, and recognition Growth - Growth refers to Maslow's highest hierarchy, which is self-actualization and esteem. Considered a need that is only held by relatively few and then again only by those who can afford to meet this need, 'growth' refers to attempting to actualize one's potential and to meet one's more intangible intellectual, mental or spiritual
Open Document