The idea of a centro direzionale was advanced by many in Italy during the 60s as a solution to several urban planning problems. To alleviate congestions and reverse the conversion of housing stock to office use in central cities, the strategy proposed was to build complexes of offices and municipal administrative facilities outside historic city centre. The scale of a complex imagined as a centro direzionale was large enough to constitute a self-contained new district and determine the direction of urban expansion. Competitions for the design of such facilities have frequently become the ideological battlefields on which opposing ideas about land use and the future development of historic cities are advanced and criticized. In this…show more content… Here it is possible to see how, for Rossi, typological study, as a form of rational study, was based not on norma tive facts but on the possibility of architectural form to evoke urban themes. Le Corbusier's Unite d'Habitation in Marseille with its rue int~rieure, or the Smithsons' project for the Golden Lane residential complex in London and its "streets in the air," are among the examples Rossi considered true representations of the city in the form of urban themes.l 8 Here, type is rendered not through universal rules but by the immediacy and singularity of an architectural event.
ARCHITECTURE VS. URBAN PLANNING: ROSSI VS. TAFURI
Rossi's position was strongly based on architecture as a basic, yet partial unit of the city. This was particularly polemical in the early '60s, when architects saw emerging urbanity largely through the lens of urban-planning methodologies. In 1963, the Olivetti Foundation organized an urban planning semi nar in Arezzo, headed by Ludovico Quaroni,