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Alexander Calder Theory

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“If you can imagine a thing, conjure it up in space then you can make it... The universe is real but you can't see it. You have to imagine it. Then you can be realistic about reproducing it”(Alexander Calder). Alexander Calder was born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania, on July 22, 1898. Calder’s family was filled with sculptors. Alexander’s grandfather, Alexander Milne Calder, was a sculptor born in Scotland and in 1868, he moved to Philadelphia. He worked on many historical carvings of Philadelphia City Hall. Alexander’s father, Alexander Stirling Calder, was also a sculptor that had many public installations around Philadelphia. Alexander’s mother was an artist who painted portraits professionally. Alexander began making jewelry for his sister’s dolls out of copper wire and beads. He was first interested in mechanical engineering and applied and went to school at Stevens Institute of Technology from 1915 - 1919 in Hoboken, New Jersey. He worked several jobs about engineering until he took a drawing class and a painting class. Calder moved from New York City to Paris in 1926 and began working on figures and toys that would appear in what would be Calder’s Circus. He also started to make portraits and sculptures out of wire. He became popular in the art world for his Calder’s Circus performance which consisted of multiple characters and animals that he created and performed with them. Calder began creating jewelry with the wire that he used with the sculptures he made in 1929.
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