Alexander Fleming: The Discovery of Penicillin

1884 Words8 Pages
Sir Alexander Fleming changed the world of medicine not only in his days but also in the world today. We have the medicines and antibiotics that we have today because of Alexander Fleming. His discovery was much needed in the world and I hate to think where we would be in the medicine world if he hadn’t discovered penicillin. Alexander Fleming was born on August 6, 1881 in Darvel, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was born on Lochfield Farm, which was his family’s farm. Alex was the seventh of eight children. He was the third child born to his father’s second wife. With his upbringing in Scotland, Alexander had much more appreciation of the natural world at a young age. (Brown, 2013) Alexander started his schooling at Loudoun Moor. He moved from…show more content…
(Brown, 2013) In 1915, Alexander married an irish nurse named Sarah Marion McElroy. In 1924, Sarah and Alexander’s first child was born. It was a son named Robert. Alexander’s son would go on to follow in his father’s footsteps within the medical field. Alexander had a commission in the army during World War 1. He was in the Royal Army Medical Corps, and he studied wound infections as a bacteriologist. It was during his study of wound infections that he found that strong antiseptics did more harm than healing on the wounds. He suggested that a mild saline solution would be better. (Brown, 2013) When he returned back home from World War 1, he returned to St. Mary’s and the Inoculation Department. In 1921, while still working under Wright, Fleming discussed that lysozyme, which is present in our body fluids, worked well as a mild antiseptic. This discovery of lysozyme was the first of Fleming’s many discoveries. His discovery of lysozyme led to a great study and discovery on how the body fights off infections. The time came in 1946 where he was finally was named the successor for Wright, and the Inoculation Department was then renamed Wright-Fleming Institute. (Brown, 2013) Although Fleming sealed his place in history with the discovery of lysozyme, it was his discover of Penicillin in 1928 that started the revolution of antibiotics and sealed his lasting reputation within the medical world. In 1945, Fleming was recognized for his achievements and he
Open Document