Alexander The Great : The Legacy Of Alexander The Great

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The life of Alexander the Great could not be told without first introducing his father, King Philip II of Macedonia. King Philip II came into power at the age of 24 in 359 BC after his brother Perdiccas III, the former king, had died in battle against the Illyrians. (Anson, pg. 43) What King Philip II inherited from the previous king was a land plagued by frequent invasions from nearly all directions. Macedonia during the start King Philip II reign was divided by powerful landowners called the hetairoi. Despite all odds, King Philip II caused Macedonia to rise up and dominate the Greek peninsula: “As noted in previous chapter, he had transformed Macedonia from a virtual geographical expression, beset by invasion from the tribal north, east, and west, and faced with constant interference from the southern Greek city-states, into a nation…” (Anson, pg. 85) Before King Philip II, in regards to infantry, Macedonia was undoubtable weak. (Green, pg. 50) King Philip II conquered most of the Greek world with troops known as the Macedonian phalax, and later on, the Macedonian phalax would be a spring board for Alexander the Great’s military achievements. The legacy that King Philip II left Alexander was one of great achievement. However, the legacy of Alexander the Great would out shine that of his father’s. This report will try to encapsulate the life of Alexander the Great in three stages: Boyhood, kingship, and abrupt death. Despite the prestige of Alexander the Great,
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