Alexander the Great

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Alexander was born around 356 B.C. His mother was of royal lineage, as was his father, Philip II. When Alexander was fourteen, he studied under the Athenian philosopher, Aristotle. Perhaps no culture has ever produced a greater mind than Aristotle’s. So searching and profound was Aristotle’s work that in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries A.D. much of the Christian church regarded his teachings as being divinely inspired. No subject was untouched by his contemplation. Philosophy, botany, geography, zoology, astronomy, and art were all subjects of deep concern for him. Aristotle was the student of Plato and the teacher of Alexander the Great. Either role would have earned him an important place in history. Most likely Aristotle instructed …show more content…
The Persian advance guard, lightly armed and unaccustomed to Macedonian tactics, was overwhelmed. Alexander had planned only to free the Greek cities then under Persian control, but resounding victory spurred him to strike at the heart of the empire itself. This was no madcap venture. Darius III, the Persian king, was a poor leader and his provincial officials were unreliable. The unwieldy empire was ready to fall in pieces. The victory at the Granicus River quickly opened the towns of Sardis, Ephesus, and Miletus to Alexander’s conquest. Miletus was the traditional birthplace of Hellenic philosophy; Sardis and Ephesus would play significant roles in the New Testament church. (Packer) In the next year, Alexander moved on Gordium, the capital of Phrygia. The goal of this offensive was the Cilician Gates, a narrow mountain pass to Syria and Palestine. Moving through the pass, Alexander advanced onto a plain near the village of Sollioi. The leader of Darius’ Greek mercenaries advised the Persian king to keep his forces on the open plain. But Darius established a defensive position on the Pniaurus River. Here would be the first encounter between the Macedonians and the Persian royal units. The phalanxes of the Macedonians again proved too powerful for the Persian army. Darius swiftly retreated, relinquishing Asia Minor to the Macedonian

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