Alexander the Great's Determination

845 WordsApr 4, 20124 Pages
After the death of King Darius III, Alexander began to introduce his ‘Policy of Fusion’. He believed that if the two traditions (Macedonian and Persian) could be “blended and assimilated”, his authority would be more securely established and would rest on good will rather than on force, according to ancient historian Plutarch. This tell us that Alexander did not want to destroy the Persia that Darius and his ancestors had set up and replace it with a Macedonian ruling. Quoting Plutarch, “He understood that the sharing of race and customs is a great step towards the softening of men’s heart”. Alexander knew that if he were to change Persia to a Macedonian ruling, the Persians would not have obeyed nor trusted him. He instead opted to…show more content…
In the year 224 BC, a mass wedding was held in Susa. Alexander had arranged for himself to marry Barsine, Darius’s eldest daughter, and another one, Parysatis, the daughter of Ochus. In addition, he gave his companions “the daughters of the most notable Medes and Persians” [Arrian] summing up to 80 weddings in total, all of which the weddings were celebrated in Persian fashion. The wedding established Alexander as the Great King of both Macedonia and Persia as he could now claim to be the son and heir of both previous Persian kings. It also signified the transfer of power to the Macedonians through the marriage to leading Persian women. Much like his successors, the children of these marriages were to be taught Greek and trained in Macedonian customs and have the added advantage of mixed parentage. According to J.R Hamilton, the Susa wedding “brought to a climax his policy of fusing Macadeonians and Persians into a single race”. This is no doubt an example of Alexander’s strong determination of combining both traditions. However, upon Alexander’s death, all the men divorced their wives with the exception of Hephaestion (who died eight months prior to Alexander) and Seleucus. This showed how much Alexander’s men disliked his

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