:Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov, the last standing Tsar of Russia officially known as Tsar Nicholas II, autocrat of Russia. Nicholas II was born on 18th May, 1868 in Tsarskoe Selo, Russia. Nicholas II was the eldest son of Alexander III and his Empress Marie Romanova. Nicholas was eldest of six children. He had three younger brothers, Alexander, George, Michael and two younger sisters, Xenia and Olga. Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917, his reign saw imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to an economic and military catastrophe. Tsar Nicholas II influenced and sought change in the historical events of Russo - Jap War, Bloody Sunday, October Manifesto, The First Russian
The woman who was to become Catherine the Great was born Sophie Augusta Fredericka. During her teen years Sophie blossomed into a beautiful young woman and had excellent health. She later went on to marry Peter III the future emperor and grandson of Peter the Great. During her reign
Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst born as the daughter of a German Prince, on May 2, 1729 would become one of the most important women in Russian history. Throughout Catherine’s reign she reformed Russian society, politics and the role of the Clergy, while also managing to “westernise”, modernise and expand Russian territory. Catherine was said to be influenced by Enlightenment Philosophers, such as Diderot, d’Alembert and Voltaire. Catherine’s achievements would live on to help propel Russia to become a major world power after her death.
C. EVALUATION OF SOURCES One resource used for this investigation was Nicholas and Alexandra by Robert K. Massie, which describes the reign of Nicholas II. This source was published in 1967 in the United States, thus the book is a secondary source. Massie is a Pulitzer Prize-winning historian whose work focuses on the Russian Romanovs. Massie’s alma mater includes Yale and Oxford University. The source is highly valuable in its extremely detailed and comprehensive research of nearly 600 pages, providing the thoughts of those in positions of power and interesting, insightful perspectives to the situation at the time. An analysis on connecting causes and effects are thorough and
Czar Nicholas II was the last Russian emperor . He believed that he had absolute power over his subjects, but he lacked the strength to do his
The Romanov Family The book The Family Romanov: Murder, Rebellion and the Fall of Imperial Russia by Candace Fleming is an eye opening biography about one of Russia's most famous families. Since 1613, the Romanov family had ruled Russia, and were the last imperial dynasty to ever take the throne.
Lots of people have took the time to read her diary that is so thoughtfully written. 'The Diary of a Young Girl' was published June 27th, 1947. The people who worked with her father found the diary and gave it to him. He soon had it published. It was originally written in the Dutch language but was translated into many others when published. Anne wrote in her diary all the time. She said it gave her something to do with all the time she had on her hands. She also addressed her diary as
Elizabeth I came to power and was also concerned with Russia’s culture. She indulged and splurged on building projects and wars. She is the creator of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. She ignored the conditions of the serfs (peasant) of Russia (will backfire on the Romanovs), and she was killed by her own soldiers eventually. She was succeeded in death by Peter the 3rd. Catherine the Great was then named the tsarina of Russia. She improved the economy, law code, and education system during her rule. She also abolished capital
Nicholas was known to be narrow-minded and weak-willed. He hated politics and was dominated by his wife, Tsarina Alexandra. Marie Antoinette was not the only queen with a famous and powerful woman in her family. Alexandra’s grandmother was Queen Victoria of England. Alexandra saw herself as English, not French, and she had no desire to even learn the Russian language. Both Alexandra and Marie Antoinette were hated because they were outsiders who could not sympathize with their people. The scandal of Rasputin, the Siberian peasant who wandered into St. Petersburg, declaring himself a healer and holy man, was seen by Alexandra as her miracle. Her son Alexi had hemophilia and she eternally blamed herself for his heredity disease. In reality, Rasputin actually was able to stop the ceaseless bleeding, but their friendship, and rumored affair, severed her relationship with the Russian people, who knew that Rasputin was not a holy man, but an exploiter. Known for attending parties, taking drugs, and being quite popular with the Russian ladies, the people knew his true identity. Alexandra refused to believe anyone who spoke against Rasputin. She not only took his medicinal advice, but extended his influence to the politics of the country, passing his political advice on to Nicholas. During World War I, when Nicholas had gone to the Western front, Rasputin was sitting in on cabinet meetings and even dismissing officials. Rasputin’s voice spoke loud, while the Russian people were not even allowed to speak. In the eyes of the Russian people, the Tsar and Tsarina did not care about the fate of Russia. Louis XVI and Nicholas II were the last rulers of the countries that could take no more. Agitation from the educated nobles inspired the people to act together and force the abdication of Nicholas, thus ending three hundred years of Romanov rule (Reid). Enlightened ideas in
Tsarina Alexandra Romanov is accused of having a serious helping hand in the ultimate demise of Russia and eventual revolution that occurred. While many of the Tsarina’s actions did contribute to the eventual failures in Russia, Tsarina Alexandra was dealing with much more than just the political nature of Russia
Alexandra the great was a Macedonian king. He was born July 356 BC. His parents are King Philipp the second and queen Olympia. When he inherited the Macedonian empire from his father he continued to prolong the empire to great proportions, with the help of his troops. Alexandra is greatly known due to the fact that he conquered more land than any other king, during his time. Alexandra’s built an extensive empire that had a cultural impact on the east and west. He also was a great leader as well as a great conqueror, at the young age of twenty years old he was an experienced and trained solider, with his father’s aspiration; who was also a great conqueror. He started to form the forces necessary to conquer Persia, and even after he conquered most of Persia he was still displeased and wanted more land.
His successor Ivan IV “Ivan the Terrible” expanded and beautified Moscow and was known for his cruelty. He was the first ruler to adopt the title of Czar. (meaning Caesar) After Ivan came Peter I or Peter “The Great”. Peter continued to bring western traditions and technology into Russia, hoping that the Russian people would adopt these ways. In order to bring in more western culture Peter 700+ Europeans. Peter also expanded Russia's territory. Unfortunately he was also methodically cruel. Catherine II or Catherine “The Great” came after Peter I. Catherine was hard-working and capable but she was immoral and ambitious. She increases authority of the monarchy in Russia. She was known to have anyone “removed” if they stood in her way, which lead to the death of her
The Romanov dynasty began in 1613, however 1917 saw an abrupt end to the Romanov’s with the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Demonstrations and strikes gripped the Russian people and with anti-governmental soldiers taking control, the Tsar had no alternative but to abdicate. Historians such as Michael Lynch1 and John Daborn2 state that in Russia’s great need of strength and power came a Tsar of weakness and limited outlook. However historians such as Ray Pearson believe that in aggressive opposition groups and with the help of the working class aimed to bring down the Tsardom at all costs.
Maria Theresa was the Empress of the Habsburg Dynasty from 1740 to 1780. One of her main concerns was for serfs not to be bound to their landlord, so she limited the authority landlords had over serfs. Maria Theresa made a lot of notable decisions during her rule, but one of the impactful was surrendering lower Silesia to Prussia in 1742. Just a year later she ended up surrendering the rest of Silesia in 1742. She fought Prussia for three years at war. The war allowed her to increase taxes by lessening the power of the provincial nobility and local estates. This allowed her to create a poll tax. Another notable Theresa did while in power was abolish cruel and unusual punishments, such as torture, and gave the judiciary autonomy. Maria
The French and Russian Revolutions featured hated monarchies, fascinating rumors, and allusive innuendos which made them both very interesting. In fact, in both revolutions, the murder of the royal family was one of the more historic events of the war. In France at the time of the revolution, the rulers were Marie Antoinette-born Marie Antoine-from Austria, and Louis XVI-born Louis-Auguste. The two were married when Marie Antoinette was fourteen and Louis was fifteen. In Russia at the time of their revolution, the rulers were Victoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice- also called Alexandra Feodorovna-whose entire family, with the exception of her sister, Ella, died from a disease and was then subsequently raised by Queen Victoria, and Nikolai