Alfarabi And Aristotle: The Four Causes And The Four Stages Of The Doc
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Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Four Stages of The Doctrine of
Alfarabi was raised as a young boy in Baghdad. His early life was spent studying the art of linguistics, philosophy, and logic. His teachers were
Syrian Christians experts in Greek philosophy. He studied Aristotle and Plato in detail, and it became evident in his later writings that they were a strong influence on him. He became quite a prolific writer, and he wrote more than 100 works, many of which have unfortunately been lost including his a lot of his commentaries on Aristotle. He was one of the earliest Islamic thinkers to transmit to the world of his time the doctrines of Plato and Aristotle. He is…show more content… Thus the
Doctrine of the Intellect's "material cause" is latent thought, it's "formal cause" is the active thought, it's "efficient cause" is conscience thought of one's mind, and it's "final cause" is to rationalize everything and to be able to make the first transition to the last spiritual emanation from God.
The first cause of Aristotle was called "material" or natural matter.
Aristotle borrowed this from the early Greeks. The main question asked by this cause is: "By what is anything made of?" Alfarabi embraces this cause and relates it to the Doctrine of the Intellect as his first stage. The stage in which describes the capability for thinking. Alfarabi argues that this is latent thought, similar to a dry sponge, that is ready to absorb quiddities or whatness.
This is the preconscience grabbing of forms, allowing for no differentiation of thought, reason, or abstract sensing. Therefore the essence of one, is the same thing as the essence of other objects. This requires mind and form. The mind sees the forms and collects them merely as forms. Here with Aristotle the first stage is a gatherer. The mind, though not defined what it is, is