Alfred Adler 's Theories On Individual Psychology

1118 Words5 Pages
Douglas Mohan
Professor Purpus
PSY 322
Brandman University

This paper is going to discuss and outline Alfred Adler’s theories on individual psychology. Adler emphasized the importance of understanding an individual within their social context. Adler’s approach distances itself from Freudian psychology where the psyche is driven solely by sex, in that it focuses on the conscious mind and common sense, with primary emphasis on social motives and relationships. Freud believed that the individual has little to no control over the personality. Adler believed that people were largely responsible for shaping their personalities. Adler’s goal of his theory was to incorporate social interest into the individual’s lifestyle. Alfred Adler’s Personality Theory It could have been the fact that Adler had such a debilitating disease as rickets, or his feeling inferior to his older brother that helped him develop his most well known theory, the inferiority complex. Adler believed to compensate for such feelings of inferiority that one must strive for superiority. He theorized that striving for success is the motivating force in every person. The theory is based on the values and meaning that one creates throughout life and plan to seek them out. According to Alfred Adler’s book, Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler, there are six steps in the outline of his theory to explain behavior. He felt these factors were the successful basis for the formation of
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