Alienation: Karl Marx's Solution To Alienation

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CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Karl Marx was a strong critic of capitalism, he spent a large part of his life writing and philosophizing for the down fall of capitalism. Through he was also interested in studying the nature of the society and relations. His tried to uncover the force and corruption that lies under modern human interaction and class struggle. Marxian notion of a person is someone who works; this is because he believed work is the only thing that keeps humans in touch to reality. Marx in his concept of alienation tried to develop a conception of how human feels and think, what motives man, influence man in his struggle through life to make a living. Marx tries to use his theory of alienation to solve societal problems such as class
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Marx is of the opinion that alienation of labor has devastating effect on human beings both their physical and mental states. Karl Marx believed that there is strong link between man, his activity and products, his fellows, inanimate nature and the species, but alienation destroys this link and help makes human life miserable. This clearly shows how important the concept of alienation is to Marx philosophy, with these one could ask what then is alienation? This chapter tries to give a vivid explanation of what alienation is, the cause and aspect of alienation and Marxian solution to alienation

1.1 WHAT IS ALIENATION
I was in front of my departmental building at the University of Calabar one mild sunny morning as hundreds of men and women poured out from the faculty of art conference center, where they had attended a meeting, we were told that Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) members were the group of people who just met and indefinite strike was their resolution from the meeting with immediately effect. They (ASUU) had taken the decision because they felt that the government where not been sincere with their promises and they have been
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This implies that man forms and develop himself by working, it is man’s nature to be in control of the process, to be the initiator, the subject in which the process originates. This nature according to Marx has however become alien to man, that is, it is no longer his thing. To this Marx opines that “Alienation is apparent … in the fact that everything is something other than mind, and that … an inhuman power rules over everything6. What is central to this is that man has lost control by his own evolution. This control is thus controlled by different other entities. For instance looking around us despite human technological achievements that can we found in our modern society. Even though human can talk about space travel, internet, weapon of mass destruction, yet human being is feeling so helpless in the face of things it created. Never before have the fruits of our labour threatened our very existence as it is now: this is also the age of nuclear disasters: global warming, arms race and machines taking the place of man in the work force. Even though man can produce enough to satisfy the needs of everyone on the planet, yet larger part of the world’s population are stunted by poverty and destroyed by disease. Despite our thinking that man is in control of the natural world, we experience insecurity, economic recession and military conflict in our society. The more populated our cities become; with the increase in
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