Alkanes and Alkenes

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Exercise 5 Comparing the Reaction Rates of Alkanes and Alkenes Group # 4 Members: Pangan, Sam Margarette Perales, Angelica Ibay, Sophia Irigan, Sharien May Sorensen, John Antonio Ocan, Emmanuel Submitted to: Ms. Ginalyn Cuenca Mr. Neil Abreo Date: December 6, 2012 Introduction Alkanes are hydrocarbons with only single bonds between the atoms. Saturated hydrocarbon is the other term for it. They are used as fuels because they are non-reactive and also do not conduct electricity. For this reason they do not form hydrogen bonds and are insoluble in solvents such as water while alkenes are hydrocarbons that contain at least one carbon-to-carbon double bond. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are the other term for alkenes.…show more content…
The butter and lard din not mixed well with the potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and has some unmixed reactant which was at the bottom of the test tubes. Others, such as canola oil, coconut oil, linseed oil, castor oil, corn oil, and margarine has reactions as seen at table 1. Discussion Table 2: Identified Samples Samples | Saturated/Unsaturated | Alkanes/Alkenes | | | | Lard | Saturated | Alkanes | Butter | Saturated | Alkanes | Margarine | Saturated | Alkanes | Coconut Oil | Saturated | Alkanes | Canola Oil | Unsaturated | Alkenes | Linseed Oil | Unsaturated | Alkenes | Corn Oil | Unsaturated | Alkenes | Castor Oil | Unsaturated | Alkenes | Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) discharges its color to the samples if it is unsaturated fat, however some have special cases like margarine and coconut oil. Alkanes are not reactant with most reagentsbecause they have good orbital overlap, and their C-C and C-H bonds are strong. Alkane is not acidic nor basic due to the C-H bond and the

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