Allegory in Animal Farm, by George Orwell Essay

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George Orwell wrote the novel Animal Farm. Orwell uses the genre of allegory to illustrate his satirical views of the Russian Revolution. As
Britain and Russia were allies during the War, Orwell was forbidden to straightforwardly express his opinion.

During the Second World War, George Orwell wrote the novel “Animal
Farm”. Orwell uses the genre of allegory to illustrate his satirical views of the Russian Revolution. As Britain and Russia were allies during the War, Orwell was forbidden to straightforwardly express his opinion of Stalin and the Russian Regime so he uses animals as their representatives, instead.

“Animal Farm” opens with the description of Jones’s neglectful attitude towards the farm and its inhabitants:
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The first thing the animals do to celebrate their newfound freedom is go to the harness-room. They collect the “nose-rings”, “dog-chains” and the “cruel knives” and through them “down the well”. The list of horrific items indicates that the animals are very frightened of Jones and they think that he is a tyrant. The fact that they spend the first ten minutes of their liberty “wiping out the last traces of Jones’s hated reign” implies that their triumph isn’t complete until everything belonging to him is gone.

By use of allegorical descriptions, Orwell introduces us to three pigs: Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer. Even this early in the novel
Napoleon emerges to be a representative of the sadistic tyrant Stalin:
“Napoleon wasn’t much of a talker but he had a reputation for getting his own way”. This suggests that he possesses a ruthless quality.
Snowball appears to be a representative of Trotsky: “Snowball was a much vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive”. Orwell’s description of Squealer causes us to think of him as being a potential spin-doctor: “the others said of squealer that he could turn black into white”. This is important as later on in the novel we discover that Squealer is very manipulative and has the power to brainwash the other animals into believing

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