Alliance System and New Imperialism Essay

949 Words Feb 26th, 2013 4 Pages
Alliance System and New Imperialism Jessica Gray, Bernadine Cross, Tameka Freeman, Rikia Wyatt
January 4, 2012
Darrett Pullins

Alliance System and New Imperialism
Otto Von Bismarck formed of designed the European balance of power. The power was known as the Big Five Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Between 1870 and 1914 the competition within the European states for territory dominance and control caused separation. Bismarck departed from office in 1890 which caused the disintegration of the European balance of power. In 1914 peace was no longer guaranteed when Europe divided into two camps. The formation of the National Units of Germany and Italy justified Nationalist aspirations of expansion.
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The prosperity of Russia’s economics depended on the trade of grain.
The Alliances were formed because of these weaknesses and of the tensions between France and Germany. Russia’s fear of becoming landlocked contributed to the forming of the Alliance. Germany’s navy expanded during the early 1900s and by World War I the German navy was the second largest in the world. “Russia, France, and Britain formed the Triple Entente to set the fuse for war” (The German Empire, Article, 2010). Kaiser Wilhelm I’s was replaced by a king who was ill. He served as a temporary standby until Wilhelm II gained power and took over the throne. Wilhelm II feared Bismarck’s power so he was forced to step down and retire. Even though Bismarck retired as prime minister his policies continued. A few major events occurred prior to World War I during Wilhelm II’s reign in the 19th century. Economic growth caused capital-labor issues to arise in Germany during this time. Wilhelm II’s practices of foreign affairs policies were often contradictory. Even though Wilhelm II had developed a friendship with Germany and Great Britain; his imperialistic policies forced an alliance among Britain, Russia, and France. Wilhelm II supported Austria in the Balkans and supported Russia in its affairs with East Asia. “Wilhelm II also believed that the Triple Alliance would help prevent war” (The German Empire,
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