Allusive Idioms from Greek Myths and English Learning

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In my opinion, it is no exaggeration to say that Greek myths have exerted no small influence upon western culture. Especially those whose mother tongue is English familiar with the contents and stories of Greek mythology have been imperceptibly influenced by what they constantly read, see and hear about since they are very young. Hence allusive idioms from Greek myths have exerted great impact on the English language and literature. It is fairly important to make a full understanding of Greek myths for a foreign student in order to learn the language of English well. To prove this, I may as well, first of all, introduce some information about Greek myths in the next part. 2. Clearing the ground
2. 1 Defination of the term
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Fortunately, she was able to retain the single blessing she found there, hope, which one of the gods had mercifully offered to keep the human race from utter despair in the face of the misery inflicted by the war, pestilence, discord, and pain of Zeus¡¯ cursed contents)(Bell; Hesiod, Works and Days)
Riddle of the sphinx : it means a mysterious or inscrutable person mysterious. After the Sphinx, a Greek mythological monster with the head of a woman, body of a lion, and wings of a bird that had been educated by the Muses, which was notorious for killing hordes of travelers who could not answer its riddle: ¡°what is it that has a single voice, and has four feet, and then two feet, and then three feet?¡±
Oedipus complex : it tells that in Freudian psychoanalytic theory, the alleged unconscious tendency boys have to become sexually attracted to their nothers and jealous of their fathers; the male counterpart to the Electra complex. In Greek legend, son of Laius, king of Thebes, and his wife, Jocasta. Laius had been warned by an oracle that he was fated to be killed by his own son; he therefore abandoned Oedipus on a mountainside. The baby was rescued, however, by a shepherd and brought to the king of Corinth, who adopted him. When Oedipus was grown, he learned from the Delphic oracle that he would kill his father and marry his mother. He fled Corinth to escape this fate, believing his foster parents to be his real parents. At a crossroad he encountered Laius,

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