Ancient Greece became a very influential civilization. Founded by the Minoans who first moved to the island of Crete in around 2000 B.C and lasted to about 1400 B.C. The Minoans developed an advanced civilization and expressed their culture in their constructed palaces. Great monuments were reached at Greece’s Golden Age from around 500 B.C to 300 B.C. They created long lasting contributions in subjects such as Philosophy, Military, Health, and Government.
There was a myth that at the beginning of the existence of the city of Athens both gods offered gifts to the people of Athens, in order to sway them in deciding their patron god. Athena offered peace and prosperity while Poseidon offered naval power. The Athenians accepted Athena’s gift. Athens overall culture continued to reflect this decision, the city, in addition to being a center for architecture and mathematics, also played an important role in the progress of government, theology and philosophy. This myth could also give an explanation of why Athenian people may have felt superiority to other city states such as Sparta. The mythological significance it had was much greater than with another city-state such as Thebes, although it was related to the story of Hercules, and
The typical Greco-Roman city was rich in Greek culture because of the influence of Alexander. His influence succeeded in Hellenizing the region, in fact, Greek became the international language and was spoken everywhere, even in synagogues (Wenham & Walton, 2011). Also known for their commerce and trade, these cities amassed great wealth. Herod, known for his extravagant building projects, built lavish palaces, fortresses and theatres (Wenham & Walton, 2011). These cities were the epitome
The city was founded by Alexander the Great in the year 331 BC with an objective to link the land of the Pharaohs with the Greek world both materially and culturally. The planning and building
“The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new,” said Socrates, a famous Greek philosopher. Athens was one of many city-states in Ancient Greece. This city-state had a form of government that was for the people to have a say. Athens had great geography that was advantageous for them. Athens also had many achievements culturally such as architecture and philosophy.
Hellenistic art, let alone architecture, was a period of dramatic transformations that deterred greatly from the Greek Classical period. While the Classical Greek concepts were not entirely abandoned, the Hellenistic period expanded the formal horizons with dramatic posing, sweeping lines, and high contrast of light, shadow and emotion, something greatly different from the Classical artists ideas. The conventions and rules of the Classical period gave way to experimentation and a sense of freedom that allowed the artists of the Hellenistic period to explore their subjects from unique points of view that they had not previously done. The Altar to Zeus in Pergamon is the perfect representation of the Hellenistic period. Pergamon contained
From the information gathered it is clear that the cult was quite popular and influential. It also reveals that foreign cults in Pompeii and Herculaneum were prominent within the civilization and played a major part in the daily life of the
The town itself had many temples devoted to their gods. The city even had an amphitheatre, which is the oldest of its kind dating back to 80 BC. The people of Pompeii had a serene living condition and well function social classes.
After the acropolis site was completely destroyed, Athenian society became unstable as a result of the numerous wars Athens had suffered from. However, at this time Athens was beginning to become a dominant city and Pericles wanted to make sure he represented Athens in this way. Pericles knew his only choice was to rebuild the acropolis. This was a way for Pericles to show the local Athenians that the Acropolis is about honouring the gods and also allows for athenians to embrace their religion. He believed that by doing this it would also help strengthen the Athenian democracy. After its rebuilding the Acropolis became extremely religious. Pericles wanted to help restore faith and religion back into society and turn Athens back to how it orignally
With the rise of Alexander “The Great” begins the Hellenistic Age which is used to describe a time which Greek culture spread to places like Egypt and Asia. Due to this Greek culture had changed from what it was during Classical Greece as they were able to achieve much more with this new diverse culture. The Classical Age of Greece is known for its work in philosophy and the arts. The work of Greek philosophers of this time such Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle cannot go unnoticed in these contexts as their accomplishments still have lasting effects on our world today. Along with the great work of these philosophers, came other great works in architecture and drama. Beginning in 448 B.C. Pericles began the construction of the Acropolis,
The Altar of Zeus is a giant monument constructed during the reign of King Eumenes II (The Altar of Zeus: Pergamon), which located on a terrace of the Acropolis in Pergamon. Since the Pergamene King regarded his country as the successor of the Greek culture, there were numerous sculptural monuments built to commemorate their military achievement and declare their roles as inheritors of Athens. The Altar of Zeus is one of them, as well as the library and the sanctuary of Athena that are located in the upper part of the altar on the Acropolis (Figure 1, map). Even though the Altar of Zeus is molded on Greek antique, it is different in many aspects because the Pergamene not only looks back to the glory of Athens, but also looks ahead to
First century Rome dripped with statues and temples in honor of the gods, and Pergamum was no different in its worshipping practices (28). Antipas confirms his devotion to the gods in his first letter by introducing himself as “worshiper of Jupiter, Zeus Olympus the savior” (19). This is hardly the only mention of the gods surrounding Pergamum and its religious practices. According to Antipas, Pergamum is an impressive city housing the “most spectacular sacred and royal buildings” and a “great altar of Zeus” (28). During this time, as Pergamum’s status rose quickly among surrounding countries, its collection of temples, idols, and games also soared.
Philadelphia is the sixth of the seven churches in which Jesus corresponds with. Ephesus stands as the “careless church”, Smyrna as the “crowned church. Pergamum, as the Compromising Church. Thyatira the corrupted church. Last week we observed Sardis as the comatose church. This morning we will consider the Church at Philadelphia, a Chosen.
One of the most impressive accomplishments of Ancient Greece is the remarkable structure of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure,the breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold. The Parthenon was