Alzheimer's Disease Essay

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Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s is a disease of the brain that causes a steady decline in memory. This results in dementia, which is loss of intellectual functions severe enough to interfere with everyday life. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting ten percent of people over 65 years old, and nearly 50 percent of those age 85 or older. My grandmother was diagnosed with “probable” Alzheimer’s disease over two years ago.
After finding this out, I wanted to know more about this particular disease.

Alzheimer’s disease usually begins gradually, causing a person to forget recent events and to have difficulty performing familiar tasks. How rapidly the disease advances varies from person to person.
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Family history is another big factor. Having a parent or sibling with the disease increases a person’s chances of developing Alzheimer’s. Scientists have found one gene that raises Alzheimer risk as well as several faulty genes causing rare forms of Alzheimer’s that tend to occur before age 65.

There are many affects of having Alzheimer’s disease. One of the most common is forgetting recently learned information. While it’s somewhat normal to forget appointments, names, or telephone numbers, those with Alzheimer’s will forget such things more often and not remember them later. They also find it hart to complete everyday tasks that are so familiar we usually don’t stop to think about how to do them. People with Alzheimer’s will also often forget simple words or substitutes unusual words, making their speech or writing hard to understand.

People with Alzheimer’s usually have disorientation to time and place. They can become lost on their own street, forget where they are and how they got there, and not know how to get back home. They also have poor or decreased judgment. They may dress without regard to the weather or give away large amounts of money. Alzheimer’s causes people to have problems with abstract thinking. When balancing a checkbook they could completely forget what the numbers are and what needs to be done with them.

A person with Alzheimer’s disease may put things in unusual places: an iron in the freezer or a wristwatch in

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