America and The First World War Essay

498 Words 2 Pages
The First World War was a conflict between the triple entente which included, the United Kingdom, the Russian empire, and France, and the triple alliance which included Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Germany. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist sparked the conflict, because both countries had alliances with other nations, the war grew and spread over the world. The United States originally held a policy of isolationism during the war, but was forced to change that.
America’s entry into the war was due partially to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare. The Lusitania was a British passenger steamship which was carrying 128 Americans; it was sunk by a German submarine off
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Fearing now that America may join the allies, Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmerman of Germany drafted the Zimmermann Note, asking Mexico to attack America if we were to join the war; in return they promised aid in restoring land Mexico had lost to America in the Mexican-American war (Why). After this had happened, America had no choice but to join forces with the allies, congress officially declared war on 6 April 1917.
As a result of the USA joining the war in 1917, industry production in America flourished. Manufacturers had to keep production up to the speed needed to sustain the war. It also created more job opportunities for women and African Americans. However, after the war ended, industry production diminished and they required fewer employees (McCrae). The returning soldiers could not find jobs; this growing unemployment was the initial foundation of the Great Depression. The war also helped to ratify the nineteenth amendment, giving women the right to vote, because they “had shown that their strength and independence was equal to men” and had proven themselves worthy during the devastating war (McCrae).
The League of Nations came into being after the end of WWI. The League of Nation's mission was to ensure that war never broke out again (Smikin). The country as a whole was appalled by the carnage that had taken place in what was intended to be a civilized part of the world. The…

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