America 's Eradication Of Malaria

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Imagine walking into a foreign country in hopes to help eradicate malaria, but when you speak to the natives they talk about it as if it’s the common cold. From our western knowledge, you hear malaria and associate it with pain and suffering. For eastern cultures it’s a part of their daily reality that they’ve come to accept, but this is a major drawback in the eradication of malaria. This misconception due to lack of education and a democracy in underdeveloped countries harms global health efforts to eradicate malaria. There are four most common types of malaria, two that are survivable and one that is deadly. In undeveloped countries, it is seen that those who survive malaria are stronger or lucky, and those who die were weaker. This…show more content…
In the seventeenth century a group of Jesuits brought back tree back that had quinine in it from Peru. This proved to cure malaria and was a major step in malaria treatment. The complexity of the malaria parasite is astounding, as it has six separate cycles in which half occur in the mosquito and half occur in the human body. Due to this extremely complex life cycle, there is no easy way out to target one point, and to fully eradicate malaria the entire global population would have to be on anti-malarial pills for the entire life cycle of a mosquito. Quinine seems like the easy way out, we could treat everyone to a gin and tonic and life would be great and malaria would be gone. Unfortunately, this isn’t the case. The anti-malarial properties of quinine are unknown, and there are adverse side affects such as impaired hearing, diarrhea, psychosis, vertigo, and the list goes on. This being said, it is important in the malaria world because it can be used alongside of doxycycline, tetracycline, and clindamycin to treat malaria. This treatment is much more costly than the monotherapy use of quinine, so quinine is still used as a primary treatment in sub-Saharan Africa and other undeveloped endemic areas. Quinine is used alone mainly in uncomplicated malaria with cure rates after seven days upwards of 85%, but when used along with tetracycline or clindamycin the cure rates improve to upwards of 98%. These results do seem quite
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