America 's Rapid Industrialization During The Progressive Era

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As America entered the 20th century, the country entered a time period known as the Progressive Era. This era was one defined by political reform and social activism as well as myriad of problems arising from America’s rapid industrialization. During the Progressive era, America faced several international, political, and social challenges that would set us on the road to the society in which we now live. During the Depression of the 1890s, the National Association of Manufacturers argued that the American economy could only expand with new foreign markets. They wanted President William McKinley to bring American to every corner of the globe. Later on, there was a reemergence of Cuban independence movement from Spain. President…show more content…
However, over time government corruption became common. Reformers like Teddy Roosevelt in Washington and Governor Hiram Johnson in California responded to an epidemic of political and civic corruption by expanding the role of government in regulating the economy and in giving citizens, for the first time, direct access to the legislative process. The federal income tax and the direct election of senators, for example, were a part of the Populist program, and Prohibition grew from a pre‐Civil War anti‐alcohol reform tradition. In addition, muckrakers, reform-minded American journalist who targeted corruption, made Americans aware of the serious failings in society and built public support for change. Exposés such as Lincoln Steffens ' The Shame of the Cities (1904), an attack on municipal corruption, and Ida Tarbell 's History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), which chronicled John D. Rockefeller 's ruthless business practices, often first appeared in the new mass circulation magazines, such as McClure 's and Cosmopolitan, and were later published as books. The muckrakers ' impact could be powerful, as in the case of Upton Sinclair 's The Jungle (1906), a book whose vivid descriptions of working and sanitary conditions in Chicago 's meatpacking plants led directly to federal laws regulating the industry. Other political reforms included the direct primary a preliminary

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