American Civil War Blunders and Diplomatic Failures Essay

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"War does not determine who is right - only who is left." --Bertrand Russell In the middle of the 19th century the United States was engaged in one of the bloodiest conflicts in the history of the nation known as the American Civil War. The U.S. was at war with a first time enemy known as the Confederate States of America. The southern states had succeeded from the Union and with the battle of Fort Sumter, the war had begun. Both the Union and the Confederates had one goal in mind, respectively. For the North it was to defeat the rebellious states and bring them back into the Union and for the South it was to achieve recognition as an independent country from abroad. The war lasted four years and resulted in over one million casualties…show more content…
The deal of cotton in exchange for recognition had been established. Many of the southerners agreed with the idea of the King Cotton policy and the numbers certainly supported the idea. Of the 800 million pounds of cotton that was used by Great Britain in the years prior to the start of the war, 77% of it was produced and imported from the American south. Not only did cotton play a huge part in the British economy but in the world economy as well, with around 60% of the world’s supply of cotton coming from the south. The numbers without a doubt support the idea of King Cotton but it’s the numbers themselves that ultimately lead to failure of the policy. It is true how important cotton was but the southern planters and traders made a crucial mistake. Before the Civil War southern states exported huge numbers of cotton during the late 1850’s and in 1860, this lead to markets in Western Europe having a huge overstock of the crop. This rendered the South’s tactics involving their cotton trade ineffective. Unfortunately for the South this would only be the first of setbacks concerning King Cotton. During the beginning of the Civil War famine struck much of Europe and its governments were forced to find other ways of getting food for their people. Many countries turned to the U.S. for their need. With the vast amount

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