American Civil War: The Southern Strategy

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Southern War Strategy (Order #A259567) It can be said that the South began the Civil War from a winning position. They had declared their independence, formed their own country and government, and they needed only to keep what they already had. But this was a monumental task as the government was required to protect every inch of land within the Confederacy. As a new country, the Confederacy needed to demonstrate the ability to defend its own territory from external threat. Without this ability, the Confederacy could never receive the international recognition and support it needed to survive. Aside from this reason, the South also needed to protect the institution of slavery from outside interference. If the Northern armies took control of a particular Southern area, the Confederates felt that they would free all the slaves, thus destroying the entire structure of society and its economic value. Because of this, Jefferson Davis was forced to devise a flawed war strategy which attempted to preserve the entire Confederacy at the cost of concentrating his forces. There were two main problems with the South's initial war strategy meant to protect the entire Confederacy; firstly it required the dispersal of forces to maintain a perimeter defense, and secondly it required the establishment of independent and self-sufficient military districts. The dispersal of its forces created a weak perimeter defense everywhere in the Confederacy, and not a single place from where the
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