Essay on American Communist Containment Policy 1945-1953

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Containment Policy 1945-1953

America used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence between 1945-1953. Methods such as Propaganda and flexing of muscle became essential as America justified its policies and actions as part of the struggle to save Capitalist Ideology from the Communist oppressors.

Ideology was the main source of conflict between the USA and USSR. This difference in ideology led inevitably to distrust between the two superpowers. The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system; the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of industry. Thus, the divergent economic structures of the
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Thus, Stalin embarked on a program to build a 'buffer zone' to safeguard the USSR. This meant that the Eastern Nations were to be 'satellites' for the USSR. America mis-interpertated this as first signs of Stalin's desire to conquer the world. Therefore, America began to be afraid and began seeking drastic measures such as rebuilding Germany as a buffer zone against Soviet influence.

America's mis-interpretation of Stalin's actions led America and its Allies to be afraid. The fear was seen with Churchill's famous 'Iron Curtain Speech' where he stresses for a joint Anglo-American alliance against the USSR. America rejected the idea but the end result further strained relations between America and the USSR, which the USSR responded to Churchill's Speech 'Capitalist impearilism is a call for a war on the USSR'. Thus, America begins using methods to 'contain' Soviet influence.

By 1946 the Americans started to adopt the policy of 'containment'. On March 12, 1947, President Truman gave an address to Congress that would later be known as the Truman Doctrine. He called for $400 million to aid to Greece and Turkey in quelling guerrilla uprisings, some of which were communist. More significant than the request itself was the broader aim of Truman's speech. He articulated the concept that would shape the entire Cold War: containment. Truman
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