American Intervention, Chile, And Augusto Pinochet

1529 WordsMay 3, 20177 Pages
American Intervention, Chile, & Augusto Pinochet After World War II, the United States emerged as a world power. However, with this new power and "hegemony" status, came the threat of being overtaken and being replaced as the dominant nation. One threat that the United States faced was the rise of Communism. The US feared the spread of Communism in other nations, even in Latin America. One country where the US intervened to stop the spread of Communism is Chile. In 1970, Salvador Allende, a Marxist and a member of a joint Communist-Socialist coalition, was elected to the presidency over the incumbent Eduardo Frei, who had the support of the US. Since the US was already facing tough economic competitors in the 1970s, along with the Vietnam…show more content…
It was what the US was waiting for. The time had come to make other nations take notice. In response to all of the rising tensions, the US established the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. It established neutrality of the US in terms of European foreign policy affairs, but at the same time, prohibited the European countries from colonizing any regions in the Western Hemisphere and stated, “any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety” (Hastedt, 12). At the time, many nations in the Europe either dismissed or did take notice of the importance of this decree by the United States. With this official document, the national interest of the US was made clear, but it would not have to be enforced and modified until almost a century later (Nester, 86-87). Another way the United States protected its interests in the international system was through the Roosevelt Corollary. This addition to the Monroe Doctrine established the power of the US to police nations in the Western Hemisphere, especially when the governments, or heads of power, of these nations are not able to maintain order (Hastedt, 12). Through this amendment of the doctrine, the US was given a bigger sphere of influence in Latin America, and ultimately, the world. These acts of intervention in other countries were implemented through the use of the military and economic resources and it was

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