American Psychological Association Defines Traumatic Event

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American Psychological Association defines traumatic event “as one that threatens injury, death or the physical integrity of self or others”(American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Childhood trauma is the experience of traumatic event or events which creates a substantial and long term damage to the mental and physical growth and development of a child(National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2013). National prevalence of childhood trauma indicates trauma is a frequent occurrence in which majority of Americas have witnessed or experienced a single or multiple traumatic events before adulthood. A 2013 study by National Survey of Children’s Health reported about 35 million children in the United States, almost half of the nation’s children population, have experienced one or more serious traumas().According to National Center of Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence report, almost 26% of children witness or experience a traumatic event before the age of four. Reports from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHS) in 2011 found 60% of adults report witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event as a child. The Great Smoky Mountain study found 67% of participant had been exposed to one or more traumas before the age of 16(). Research suggests trauma can be related to a single occurrence or more often is related to multiple continuous occurrences. The term complex trauma is used to describe the exposure of severe multiple and/or prolonged pervasive
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