American Revolution: What Range of (Long and Short Term) Causes, When Combined, Provides a Satisfactory Explanation for Why the American Revolution Broke Out in 1775?

2127 Words Jan 18th, 2013 9 Pages
American Revolution

What range of (long and short term) causes, when combined, provides a satisfactory explanation for why the American Revolution broke out in 1775?

In the period from 1756 to 1765 England was fighting the French in the Seven Years War in Europe. The English also fought the French in North America. The English won both at home and abroad, but at a high financial cost. The English government decided to make the American colonists pay for their protection against the French and help subsidise the costs of the Seven Years War. The American colonists, on the other hand, did not agree that they were vulnerable and believed they could protect themselves as they had done for the past one hundred years. So the British
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All the documents had to be formally printed in England and were distinguished by a special stamp. Then these pieces of paper had to be bought from a special agent at a price. This meant that the colonists had to pay taxes on every thing they bought from the British government. It was expected that this tax would raise 60,000 pounds annually. The colonists despised this and tried to buy as little as they could from England. After this act the colonists realised that the British government was revenue-raising. The colonists felt that the British Government should be helping to protect ones property not to take it. The colonists argued that they had no say or representation in the government and that is when the outcry started, “No taxation without representation!”

The British also felt that they could not afford to lose the vast amount of territory they had won for America during the war. So the British Government permanently stationed regular troops in the colonies to protect their interests. This resulted in the Quartering Act of 1765. This stipulated that British regular troops were to be lodged in public houses, inns, even empty homes if the barracks were overcrowded or unavailable. Furthermore, this lodging was to be at the expense of the local colonist authorities. The colonists did not see the need for the standing army as the war was already won. The reaction of the Reverend John Tucker of Boston

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