American Slavery

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Jenna Young HIST 2010 February 11, 2014 Allan Kulikoff, Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. In “Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake 1680- 1800” the main theme is the outcome of a long-term economic, demographic, and political transformation that replaced the farmsteads of the first Chesapeake settler with the kind of slave society described by modern historians. After a brief study of the social structure of the region in the seventeenth century, this work analyzed the economic and demographic change between 1680 and 1750. The change that took place described how men and women, and blacks and whites bogus new social relations in the…show more content…
Each member of a household had certain duties: men worked in fields, directing slaves and sons in producing tobacco and grain, women cultivated vegetables, made clothes and candles, kept house and children. Two new social classes formed out of the social and cultural changes. The gentry and yeoman classes formed only after conflict and struggle between groups of white men that lasted more than a century. 3 The process of class formation had begun during the mid-seventeenth century but was not completed for several generations. The social experiences of natives and immigrants led to violent Indian troubles and economic difficulties such as, Bacon’s Rebellion in 1670, the tobacco-cutting riots in 1680, tobacco regulations in 1710, and slave conspiracies in 1720. Slave families and communities developed in part of conflicts between slaves and masters. Masters tolerated extended slave families and cross-plantation marriages and visiting as ways to keep slaves happy and productive. The slaves though had to accept their status as property. Although masters considered slaves to be inferior members of their own family they would frequently sell slaves to neighbors separating families. Slaves had no choice but to suffer the separation. By the middle of the eighteenth century, Chesapeake slaves had become both a racial class and a laboring class. Black people
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