American With Disability Essay

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The American with Disabilities Act in 1990 was designed to address employment and unemployment of disabled individuals, but is intentionally unspecific for what was designated as a disability (ADA, 1990). Physical impairments are usually simple to identify, the cognitive impairments are not unless a mental expenditure is required. Living in between episodes of wellness and exacerbations of sickness reflects the incongruent appearance of normal (Vick, 2013). “But you look so normal,” is society and the workplace’s attempts to reconcile a disconcerting feeling of uneasiness and apprehension when faced with a co-worker and the immediate occurrence or reminder of the disability, whereas for the individual with the disability, “looking…show more content…
The covering of nerve fibers, myelin, is destroyed in an autonomic reaction triggered by unknown factors. The loss of the myelin disrupts the nerve signals to the brain causing a failure to communicate, an exacerbation, leaving a section of nerve fibers unable to properly conduct the electrical signals between the brain and nerve endings (Leslie, Kinyanjui, Bishop, Rumrill Jr, & Roessler, 2015). These exacerbations are unpredictable and varied depending on the area of destruction but can be reduced and managed with pharmaceuticals that inhibit the immune system and by making lifestyle changes to adjust to the reduction is nerve signals. The myelin, once damaged, will not regrow, which causes episodic and unpredictable complications that reflect the nature of symptoms that threaten the logical boundaries of wellness or sickness and able or disabled.
The stigma attached to the word disability is detrimental to an individual’s health in the workplace unless an understanding and supportive environment is provided (Leslie, et al., 2015). One approach based on a positivistic sociology theory is the interpretive sociological theory. This tangent of sociology recognizes that experiences and behaviors are subjective in nature and are equally important to study as the objective facts sought by quantitative research methods (Lee, 1991).
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