American Women During The Civil War

914 Words Mar 18th, 2015 4 Pages
After the Civil War, the Republicans had views that the defeat of the rebels and destruction of slavery were sufficient to guarantee prosperity for everyone. The traumatic events throughout the Civil War only intensified the desire among a growing group of American women to participate fully in the nation 's political life. They were striving for a sense of agency in the United States not only as a collective whole, but also as individuals. Agency refers to the idea that each individual in a culture is free to determine his or her own actions and beliefs. For American women, this means to have the power to control their own life. Immediately after the Civil War, American women took matters into their own hands by aiming to extend their moral influences outside the narrow and exclusive sphere of the home. In 1886, the Equal Rights Association was founded by veteran reformers Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucy Stone (Jones, 387). The Equal Rights Association was created to link the rights of white women and African Americans. However, due to Kansas voters who defeated a referendum proposing suffrage for both African Americans and white women in 1867, the two causes decided to separate. In 1869, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony found the National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA) while Lucy Stone and her husband, Henry Blackwell, found the rival American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). Anthony and Stone were divided by temperament and…

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