Americans With Disability Act Essay

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The history of the Americans with Disabilities Act began long before it was originally introduced to Congress in 1988. (Mayerson, 1992). There isn’t one person responsible for the ADA but rather thousands of Americans who have fought for the rights of people with disabilities and constantly worked to make their lives easier. People with disabilities for a long time were thought of as outsiders in society and were shunned by the majority. It wasn’t until the 1900’s when organizations by and for people with disabilities exploded in popularity and began to get attention and make real positives changes for people struggling with disabilities (Meldon). A profound and historic period for disability public policy occurred under
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Specifically, in a case known as the Sutton Trilogy of 1999 in which the Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund participated presenting arguments in favor of a broad interpretation of the definition of “disability” presented by the ADA, the high court ruled resulting in a significantly limited interpretation of the federal definition of disability. This was the first ruling that eventually lead to the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 which was passed in response to the number of decisions by the Supreme Court that had interpreted the original text of the ADA (Brief History of Civil Rights, 2017). The ADAAA was signed into law in September of 2008 by President George W. Bush to counteract the Supreme Court’s narrow interpretation of disability and provide broad protection from discrimination (Timeline of the ADA). “One of the things that the ADAAA required was that courts interpreting the ADA and other federal disability laws focus on whether the covered entity had discriminated, rather than whether the individual seeking the law's protection had an impairment that fit within the technical definition of the term "disability”” (Brief History of Civil Rights, 2017). The ADAAA took effect in 2009 and had multiple regulations updated over the next couple years. Currently, the ADA celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2015 and continues to maintain that the definition of disability should be construed in favor of broad coverage of
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