After The 1994 Genocide of Rwanda the nation was in shambles. The genocide of 1994, believed the members of the country’s Hutu’s ethnic majority killed nearly 1 million minority Tutsis in a 100 day riot. However, Kagame and other political leaders began the slow process of rebuilding Rwanda. The 2000
The Last King Of Scotland Politics is always an act of manipulation and there may be a dissonance between the public persona of a leader and the ruthless actuality of their lives. Kevin Macdonald’s 2006 political biopic film The Last King of Scotland is based on political and personal events throughout the narcissistic Adi Amin’s despotic, traumatic and destructive rule of Uganda during the 1970s. It shows two different representations of Amin: one that manipulates his public persona as someone who works for and with the people and the other as someone ruthless who will manipulate anyone to stay in power. The film is also an act of manipulation as we witness these events through the perspective of the politically naïve and altruistic eyes of Nick Garrigan.
Rwanda is a small landlocked country located in Central Africa. It neighbors Uganda to the north, Burundi to the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west and Tanzania to the east. According to the CIA world factbook the total area of Rwanda is 26,338 km2 composed of 24,668 km2 of land and 1,670 km2 of water. The land use is about ¾ agricultural land with 47% arable land, 10% permanent crops, 17% permanent pasture, 18% forest, and 7.5% other (Central Intelligence Agency). Rwanda is plagued by deforestation leading to a loss of biodiversity, soil erosion and landslides, flooding, and degradation of the watershed (United Nations, “Environment”). These effects create risk for the general public and decrease the capacity of the country
Invisible Children is an organization that was founded by three college students who traveled through East Africa in 2003. While there, the students learned of the negative affects of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a rebel army that has been terrorizing Uganda for over thirty years. The students were so
There are claims that the government is actively trying to under-develop the north (Acker,p. 343). Northern Uganda was mainly populated by the Acholi people, an ethnic group that comprises of over a million people (Acker, p. 340). One of the largest impacts that the under-development of the north was on
In Matthew Stein’s, Uganda’s IDPs a Legacy of War, (http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/4172/ugandas-idps-a-legacy-of-war) the issue of Joseph Kony’s reign is brought to attention. The Lord’s Resistance Army has been a continuous threat to Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and the Central African Republic (CAR) for the past several years. While attempted efforts of rebellion have been taken place, their destruction has had a lasting negative impact. Measures have been taken to protect the people in Uganda where the threats have been the greatest.
The last source gathered was a short documentary titled, One of the Most Evil Men in History: Idi Amin. The documentary was produced by Uden Associates in 2001, the documentary comes from a series of documentaries about the most evil men in history, which gives the documentary more credibility as
The face of conflict within Sub-Saharan Africa has shifted dynamically over the last half-century. The extent of colonial rule left nearly every country on the continent subject to foreign rule, minus Ethiopia. Widespread decolonization movements throughout the continent gained serious momentum from the mid 1950’s on. Unfortunately, once independence was
Under Idi Amin’s presidency (1971–79), representative institutions were abolished altogether, and, with the first of several military coups in 1985, the constitution was suspended. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni was re-elected to a third term after the Ugandan constitution was amended in 2005 to abolish presidential term limits. The opposition however, were not satisfied with the results of February 2011 elections, condemning them as full of rigging. His presidency has been marred, however, by invading and occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the Second Congo War, resulting in an estimated 5.4 million deaths since 1998. Museveni had allowed the Rwandan Patriotic Front to use Uganda as a base during the 1990 offensive into Rwanda and subsequent civil war. Given their historical ties, the Rwandan and Ugandan governments were closely allied and thus Museveni worked closely with Kagame throughout the First Congo War. Ugandan soldiers were present in Zaire throughout the conflict and Museveni likely helped Kagame plan and direct the army. ‘Uganda has a decentralized system of government, with provision for regional governments for districts that may by consent of their respective local government councils agree to join. Currently there are 163 districts in Uganda. Kampala City Council is administered by the central government, and therefore does not part of the local government structures. In 2005 multiparty politics was introduced in the country after a lull of almost 20 years of single party rule, commonly referred to as none party movement system. Uganda has a system of representation of special interest groups such as the women, the youth and the people with disabilities. Other than women representatives, who are
During the 1900’s two deadly wars were raging on, the civil war in Sierra Leone and the genocide in Rwanda. The civil war in Sierra Leone began in March 1991, while the genocide began in 1994. Combined these two wars killed upward of 1,050,000 people, and affected the lives of
Uganda's main success is from their soil conditions and the climate. Most of Uganda receives plenty amounts of rain all year round. In some years the southeast and southwest areas have more than 150 millilitres every month. In the northern areas, there is often a dry season in December and
The immense natural resources found in war torn areas of Niger, Sierra Leone and the Congo are the main cause for foreign intervention in these events. Oil, Uranium and Diamonds in great quantities would most certainly invite unwanted intervention in otherwise peaceful areas (Basedau & Wegenast, 2009). Utilizing bands of rebels or in some
What we see in the case of civil war is that greed and capital are the roots of all evil and human life is seen as a last concern of the ones who crave for profit. Governments don’t always use their power and trust of their people for prosperity of the country but for their accumulative wealth. The government is willing to obtain the capital by any means necessary; even if that means that their own people die at the expense of natural resources that only obtain value by the assumption of the ones that wants it. In Sierra Leone this was the case that highlights these truths. Momoh gained the trust of the people of Sierra Leone and then sought the diamond mines as a profit for himself and his colleagues instead of for his people. Sierra
Amin slowly surrounded himself with those who would do what he pleased with no question. Amin was also able to act for the media and the cameras. Behind closed doors Amin would crumble, full of anger and rage, but when it was time for him to stand in front of the cameras or his people he could put on a smile and be the charismatic leader his people, and the world, saw him as. This duality of his personality hid the unhinged leader that he was from his people which helped him create such a strong state. Furthermore, Amin often lied about the atrocities being committed in Uganda helping people live in a state of blissful ignorance. Idi Amin was an egotistical paranoid monster who only entrusted a small number of people, and manipulated a country to follow in his footsteps. His corruption and quest for power helped him craft Uganda
Imagine being given only 90 days to pick up your life and leave a place you call home. The Non-Citizen Asian population of Uganda was given only three months, ninety days to be precise, to leave the country. Later Asians who were Ugandan citizens were also expelled. Idi