The production of the coca plant is vital for the role it plays in creating cocaine, but the effects of recreational cocaine use and coca plant use are too different to eradicate the plant altogether. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug that produces short-term euphoria, energy, and talkativeness. In addition, its use can cause potentially dangerous physical effects like raising heart rate and blood pressure (“Drug Facts: Cocaine”). It goes on to say that in order to sustain their high, people who use cocaine often use the drug in a binge pattern—taking the drug repeatedly within a relatively short period of time, at increasingly higher doses. “This practice can
The findings and results of these case studies showed cocaine users in a dangerous light. The researchers reached the conclusion that “social factors influenced paranoia and hallucinations even at high consumption levels and [they] can attribute these findings to differences in learning between novice and experienced users” (Erickson, et al 206). The amount of cocaine using friends one has plays a role in the amount of cocaine consumed and the effects it has on the individual compared to if one took the drug alone. These factors are significantly different when it comes to the difference between crack and powder users. A study conducted in the early nineties found “significantly higher levels [of toxicity] than chewing or snorting occur after intravenous use [injection]” (Karch The Pathology of Drug Abuse 20). The drug enters the bloodstream immediately upon injection which helps bring the user to a faster “high.” This route of administration can be extremely addictive as the user will want more and more to achieve the same effect.
Cocaine is a stimulant. It affects the neurotransmitter called dopamine. In a normal situation dopamine is a response to pleasure; after the dopamine gets released it is then recycled back into the cell once dopamine has been recycled the feeling of pleasure go’s away. Cocaine is used to prevent dopamine from being recycled, and because it can no longer be recycled large amounts of dopamine build up between neutrons. These high amounts of dopamine disrupts normal brain activity leading to a high
The use of cocaine has many different and negative effects on the human brain. “Cocaine increases levels of the natural chemical messenger dopamine in brain circuits controlling pleasure and movement” (“DrugFacts-Cocaine”). The average human brain will release dopamine in order to send
Cocaine which is also known as coke is a powerful restorative mostly used as a recreational drug. Some humans usually snort it, inhale it or even inject it into their veins. Whatever method is used of taking it in, cocaine immediately enters the bloodstream and travels to the brain. In the brain, cocaine obstructs with the chemical messengers neurotransmitters that nerves use to interact with each other. The resulting chemical increase between nerves causes the human to feel high. Feeling high is described as feeling restlessness, paranoid, etc. Cocaine can narrow blood vessels in the brain, causing strokes or even heart attacks. Cocaine can react to the brain by causing the human to have seizures and can lead to violent behavior. The brain
Cocaine is a stimulant drug that can be snorted, injected, or smoked. Cocaine comes from a Coca plant (Hart & Ksir, 2016). It can come from any of the four Erythroxylaceae plants, but it most commonly comes from the Erythroxylon Coca plant (Hart & Ksir, 2016). These plants are commonly grown in South America (Karch, 1998). Cocaine interacts with several neurotransmitters in the brain, such as “Dopamine, Serotonin, Gaba, and Glutamate” (Hart & Ksir, 2016). Upon consumption of the drug it also influences adrenaline reuptake and causes more to be released (Karch, 1998). Cocaine is a popular mainstream drug, it impacts the user positively and negatively, and has known stereotypes associated with it.
The short-term effects of cocaine use are constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, increased body temperature, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure. Large amounts of cocaine may increase the users high but can result in erratic and violent behavior. There are some cocaine users report feelings of irritability, restlessness, anxiety, paranoia, and panic. Users may also experience tremors and muscle twitches. The most common symptoms are cardiovascular effects, including disturbances the rhythm of your heart and heart attacks; neurological effects, including seizures, strokes, coma, and headaches; and gastrointestinal complications, including nausea and abdominal pain. On rare occasions, death can occur on the first use of
There are different types of effects this drug can cause which is short term and long term damage. Short term effects cocaine can cause a short lived. Other effects is intense high which is followed by intense depression, edginess and you start to get addicted to the drug. Cocaine increases the chance of heart attack, stroke, seizure or respiratory breathing failure. Long term phrase is
Have you ever been on an energy high or sugar high?You think everything is funny? Are you having so much fun?So do you ever want it to stop? That is what cocaine does to you it can make everything in your life better, but only for a short amount of time.When the high fades away, you crave it some more. Cocaine is very dangerous to insert into your body in various ways. Cocaine has been around for many years it is not a newly discovered drug. There are recovery options but it can be hard to stay sober for a long period of time. Cocaine is a very addictive drug because it is a stimulant and directly dangers many parts of the body, but there is treatment although difficult.
Because cocaine is extremely potent and directly effects the brain, using it can quickly lead to cocaine addiction. The drug is even more of a problem when used by mixing it with water and injecting it or smoking the base form, which can lead to crack addiction.
Many say alcohol is the most dangerous drug abused. But I have a different opinion. I believe cocaine is a very powerful drug then alcohol. But both are used to for enjoyment and can become addicting. With cocaine you can purchase on credit or also can be work off. I have seen a lot of people intoxicated and act in very unprofessional manner. I have seen many people use cocaine for the first time and I have not been the same. For example, there where two great athletes in my high school that marijuana got lace with cocaine and they were not the same after this happen. I have talk to people that use cocaine they told me they never stop using because they cannot face the realities of life. Some people believe that it helps them perform physical
Cocaine has long history as a psychoactive drug amongst society as it is produced by the “small leaves of the coca shrub” (Levinthal & Hamilton, 2016, p.87) which means that it cocaine is easily manufactured for use. Levinthal and Hamilton (2016) define cocaine as “an extremely potent and dependence producing stimulant drug” (p.87). A stimulant drug is one that blocks the reuptake of monoamines to increase the activation of the receptors for the monoamine’s it targets; with a high activation of the receptors it can produce a euphoric high (Levinthal & Hamilton, 2016). Cocaine is known as a “powerful central nervous system stimulates” (Grewen, et al., 2014, p.114) as it targets “monoamines[:] dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine” (Grewen, et al., 2014, p. 114). The affects that cocaine has on the monoamines that are present in between neurons is blocking their reuptake route; this is unknown exactly why because cocaine does not share a similar structure as dopamine or the other neurotransmitters (Levinthal & Hamilton, 2016). The acute effects of cocaine stimulate a rush of energy and a sense of wellbeing to the individual but it can also produce negative mood changes with chronic users whenever they are not on the drug – a withdrawal effect (Levinthal & Hamilton, 2016).
Amphetamines are a class II stimulant, this means that they have a high potential for abuse and have limited medical uses. “Amphetamine was first marketed in the 1930s as Benzedrine® in an over-the-counter inhaler to treat nasal congestion.” (DEA) By 1937 amphetamines were available in tablet form, and were used to treat ADHD, and Narcolepsy. Over the years, the use and abuse of clandestinely produced amphetamines have spread. “Today, clandestine laboratory production of amphetamines has mushroomed, and the abuse of the drug has increased dramatically.” (DEA)
Amphetamine is normally used to treat obesity, narcolepsy, and most commonly ADHD. Amphetamine causes an increase in epinephrine and norepinephrine, the spike in these usually cause appetite suppression, increased alertness, feelings of power and increased energy. Unfortunately, Amphetamine is a drug that’s highly addictive and can lead to psychological and physical dependence. An Amphetamine addiction can cause permanent brain damage or neurological damage. If a parent has an Amphetamine addiction there’s a possibility that the child will inherit the addiction.
When they are smoked or injected intravenously, both amphetamine and cocaine produce an intense, extremely pleasurable “rush” almost immediately, followed by euphoria, and referred to as a “high.” When snorted, they produce the high without the intense rush and the effects can be felt 3-5 minutes after ingestion. In both cases the pleasurable effects begin to disappear before the drug is fully metabolized, prompting some users to take more in order to maintain the high. Amphetamine’s high lasts anywhere from 8 to 24 hours, and 50 percent of the drug is removed from the body in 12 hours. Cocaine’s high lasts anywhere from 20 to 30 minutes, and 50 percent