An Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda

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An Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda "Rwanda is the most shameful example of recent failure by the international community" (House of Commons, 1998/99: v). Under the peacekeeping leadership of UN more than 800,000 people were killed in less than 100 days in 1994 (Shawcross 2000). This systematic killing remains a bitter memory for all who witnessed and survived it. Rwandans killed Rwandans, decimating the Tutsi population of the country and also targeting moderate Hutus. Lamentably the peacekeepers did not prevent the genocide, nor did they stop it once it started. This failure has left deep wounds within Rwandan society, and seriously questioned their…show more content…
In the conclusion, the essay will endeavour to draw out key issues for UN failure in the Rwandan genocide and make recommendations for future interventions. 1.0 General Background of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations 231 "Collective security is the crowning UN Principle. The Charter's very first article charges its members in the interests of maintaining international peace and security"(Whittaker, 1995). The term "Peacekeeping" not found anywhere in the UN Charter came into existence in May 1948 when the Security Council decided to establish a field operation to supervise a fragile truce in the first Arab-Israeli war (Wiseman 1985). Today, hundreds of thousands of individuals, the vast majority of them soldiers, have served in 53 UN peacekeeping operations (UN 2000). Traditionally, the peacekeeping operation involved the deployment of primary military personnel from a number of countries, under UN command, to help control and resolve armed conflict between hostile parties. Peacekeeping, initially developed as a means of dealing with inter-state conflict, has increasingly applied to intra-state conflicts and civil wars. Today's conflicts frequently take place between multiple armed factions

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