An Analysis of Personality Theory

1332 WordsJan 16, 20185 Pages
An Analysis of Personality Theory by for Everyone has a personality, of course, but until fairly recently, there were no personality theories available to help understand what factors contribute to its development. In recent years, though, personality theories such as McCrae and Costa's Big Five and Schwartz's theory of basic values have been advanced for these purposes. To gain some deeper insights into these issues, this paper presents a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to provide a definition of personality and an examination of theoretical approaches to studying personality. Finally, an analysis of those factors that may influence an individual's personality development is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning personality theory in the conclusion. Review and Analysis Definition of Personality An individual's personality is comprised of several factors, some of which may be more prominent at some times than others. The dictionary entry personality defines it as, "the complex of characteristics that distinguishes an individual or a nation or group; especially the totality of an individual's behavioral and emotional characteristics" (Merriam-Webster, 2001, p. 1687). In this regard, Barrick and Mount (1999) advise that, "Personality may to advantage be broadly analyzed into five distinguishable but separate factors, namely intellect, character, temperament, disposition and temper" (p. 2). Examination of
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