An Assessment of College Students’ Attitudes and Empathy Toward Rape

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An Assessment of College Students’ Attitudes and Empathy Toward Rape Methods: The study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey implemented to assess students' attitudes toward rape and empathy toward survivors of rape. A pilot study using 30 college students with a two-week interval was used to establish reliability of the ATR and RES. Subject's birth day, month, and first three digits of their phone numbers were used as identifiers for the retest portion of the pilot study. A two-tailed t test was performed comparing test scores across the 2-week interval. Statistical analysis found a 1.0 correlation for demographic data, .91 alpha reliability coefficient for the ATR, and a .80 alpha reliability coefficient for the RES.…show more content…
Findings: 1. While 2% of the population reported being the survivor of rape by a stranger, 6% indicated they were the survivors of rape by someone known to them. Thirty percent (30%) reported knowing a close friend or family member who had been raped, 74% reporting they had been raped and had also known someone who was raped. In contrast, 55% had never been sexually assaulted or known someone who was assaulted sexually. In regard to safety, 59% reported taking precautions (i.e. self-defense courses, carry mace, or a gun) while 41% did not. 2. ANOVA showed that prior experience as a rape survivor was significant for rape-intolerant attitudes (F 2, 359 = 14.23, p [is less than] .05), supporting the first hypothesis. Higher rape-intolerant attitudes than for those who had not been raped or had known someone who was a survivor of rape. 3. The ANOVA revealed significance for attitudes and gender, with males reporting a significantly lower mean score than females. Females had more rape-intolerant attitudes than males. ANOVA have less empathy for rape survivors. Conclusions: Prior victimization as a rape survivor or personally knowing a rape survivor affects rape attitudes and empathy towards rape survivors. Having a female sibling does not affect rape attitudes or empathy towards rape survivors. Gender affects rape attitudes and empathy toward rape survivors. Age has no
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