An Assessment of Maslow's & Herzberg's Need Based

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An Assessment of Maslow’s & Herzberg’s Need Based Motivational Theories Submitted by: Prepared for: MGMT 5000/NA/MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORSHIP: I certify that I am the author. I have cited all sources from which I used data, ideas, or words, either quoted directly or paraphrased. I also certify that this paper was prepared by me specifically for this course. Signature Date Table of Contents Abstract……………………………………………………………….page 3 Introduction……………………………………………..…………....page 3, 4 Defining Motivation…………………………………..……………...page 4 Explaining Motivational Theories……………………….………....page 5 Explaining Maslow’s Hierarchical Theory…………………….….pages 5-7 Examining Herzberg’s Two-factor…show more content…
Fulfilling the need eliminates the tension and satisfies the individual (Werner, p. 45). Theories based on needs suggest that managers can examine the needs of their employees and seek to fulfill those needs by creating and sustaining a working environment that satisfies the needs. Explaining Maslow’s Hierarchical Theory When examining Maslow’s hierarchy theory, we find five levels of needs. Maslow divided these levels into two groups: deficiency needs and growth needs. Maslow suggest that needs are arranged in a hierarchy. The deficiency needs are considered to be lower needs; whereas, the growth needs are placed on a higher level. Maslow suggests that lower level needs have to be satisfied before one considers fulfilling higher level needs. However, once the lower level needs are gratified, the individual will desire to achieve the next level of needs. He lists the levels-from the lowest to the highest-as follows: 1. Physiological Needs- These are biological needs. They consist of needs for clothing, oxygen, food, water, sleep, a comfortable body temperature, etc. Although these are the basic needs, they are also considered as the strongest needs because if a person were deprived of all needs, the physiological ones would come first in the person's search for satisfaction and survival. 2. Safety and Security Needs- When all physiological needs are
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