An Brief Introduction Of Arduino

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An brief introduction of Arduino
1. History of Arduino
Arduino, a relatively new prototyping platform, has gained great popularity all over the world in less than a decade, over 700,000 official boards had been manufactured by 2013 [1], not to mention the amount of unofficial clone boards which is very likely to surpass the official ones [2]. In this paper, the basic concepts about Arduino, the underlying principles are shown briefly, also the reasons that it’s so prevalent among both industrial and individual user groups, as well as some of the common applications of it.
It’s in 2002 that Banzi Massimo, a software architect, was hired by IDII (Interaction Design Institute Ivrea, a graduate school based in Ivrea, Italy) as an associate professor to promote novel means of doing interactive design, which is also referred as physical computing. But with limited class time and reduced budget Banzi can’t do much, like others he had to rely on a microcontroller called BASIC Stamp which is developed by a California company Parrallax. Banzi found that board has inadequate computing capability for some projects and a little bit high-priced (around US$100), also it can’t run on Mac system which is widely used among IDII designers. It’s since then that he started to think about making a board himself that doesn’t have these problems. Then in 2004, one of Banzi’s students Hernando Barragan developed a new prototyping platform called Wiring when writing his thesis, it consisted of
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