An Effective Model Of Addiction Rehabilitation

996 WordsJul 25, 20154 Pages
Although the BPS model had been adopted by many professionals and has gained much support as an effective model of addiction rehabilitation, there are still aspects that leave room for the possibility of improvement. The model is based on the idea that many factors can play an equal role in contributing to a disease. Some have criticized the model due to the fact that some diseases involve few psychological or social factors. Although this is rarely the case for addiction counseling, some still believe that a distribution of focus on multiple issues may reduce the ability to focus on the issues that present the largest presenting problem. Since the model was proposed there have been aspects that have been added such as spirituality, still, one critic argues that the model is “leaving out a critical ingredient of the healing system, the physician-as if the physician were the isolated observer, posited by the mechanistic model, whose observations do not alter the system in any fundamental way” (Ruane, 1986). Additional criticisms include Foss and Rothenberg who argue that the model concedes too much to the traditional biomedical approach, and that modem medicine needs an entirely new set of "basic sciences (1988). But these criticisms suggest alternative models and in many ways they can be handled by simple extension of the BPS model. Criticisms also appear to surround the application of the BPS model in one way that is extremely relevant to addictions counseling as is
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