An Essay on Modernism

2160 Words Apr 21st, 2013 9 Pages
Modernism describes the ideology of the art and design that were produced during the modernist period. There has been a lot of controversy about when modernism started, yet many believe it initiated sometime in the late 19th century and continued to the early 20th century. The modernist movement was meant to be a break from traditions and it was set up to separate the value of certain works from the conservative realism. For instance, Unlike the traditional art that was aesthetic, this movement was more about space and form. In modernist design, shape and organization of products and buildings were based on their functional requirements. As a result, designs became simpler without the traditional decorative concepts. The idea behind the …show more content…
The chair utilizes the space and structure well and also is developed from a traditional idea into an innovative modern design for a chair. This chair was famous for its new use of materials, in the original design, the frame was made out of chrome steel and the upholstery was covered with white kidskin and filled with cotton burlap and horsehair (Meadmore, 1997). This chair is still in production for over eight decades.


Moreover, I explained how each image is an example for the core principles of modernism as mentioned in the overview. In brief, modernist design is innovative. Space, form and structure is based on the functional requirements. Designs became simple and without overwhelming traditional aesthetic concepts. Therefore, technology together with simpler design made the product easy to be mass produced. After the first World War, designers in central Europe intended to change the world for better through art by rejecting ornamentation as it resembled of the past generations whom withstood the unpleasant effects of war and poverty (Smith, 2005). Dormer (1993) writes that:

‘When intelligent designers of the late 19th or early 20th century looked at the anonymous artifacts of 18th- and 19th-century industrialization, they saw great beauty in the simple, engineered structures, and set

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