An Ethical And Philosophical Requirement Within The Profession Of Nursing

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Advocacy can be seen as both an ethical and philosophical requirement within the profession of nursing (Gaylord & Grace, 1995). Mallik (1998) refers to it as, “good professional practice and clinical judgement…a personally and professionally binding contract, moral in nature” rather than “a duty of the professional nurse” (Chafey et al., 1998). Advocacy is an important and evolving concept not only within the nursing community but also within society as a whole. While a vast range of advocacy types can be found within society including citizen, self, and political, the primary focus for this concept analysis will be based upon patient/client advocacy in a healthcare setting. Though nursing advocators in the profession can be viewed innovators they are subsequently viewed as risk-takers (Jezewski, 1993). The ability for nurses to remain within the middle ground of healthcare allows for development and sustained intimate patient holistic plan of care which then, provides the foundation of nurse-patient relationship resulting in the ideal profession to engage in advocacy practices (Mallik, 1997, Hanks, 2007). Review the literature for definitions, clues to definition Advocacy, while used in a plethora of forms, contexts and situations, the term in itself can be quite vague unfortunately resulting in various interpretations into its meaning (Vaartio, 2006). A literature search review conducted on five search topics: advocacy, patient advocacy, nursing advocacy, and

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