An Evaluation Of A Democratic Republic

1935 Words Nov 17th, 2014 8 Pages
Democracy is a multi-dimensional complex system of which the sum is greater than its individual parts. Another perspective that can be used to better understand the conceptual framework of democracy is its identity as a contrast of communism. In the recent century, there have been periods of revolution where regimes have fallen and a democratic system replaced the oppressive communist system. The purpose of this paper is to examine and analyze Hungary’s attempt to function as a democratic republic beginning with the preceding factors that lead to the transition from communism to democracy followed by the transition process itself from 1990 to 1991. An evaluation of the political system fifteen years after the transition will be included in …show more content…
Firstly, the oppressive political grip of the Soviet Union known to the Hungarians for the previous four decades was not just absent, it was replaced with encouragement. Secondly, this newfound encouragement was accompanied with a lack of suppression; a sharp contrast of the 1956 revolution where the bloody retaliation of the occupying Soviet Troops successfully suppressed the uprising (Bigler, 1992). The end of Kadar’s rule (1988) was followed by a critical change in political and ideological pace beginning with the removal and banishment of Kadar and within a year, the complete abandonment of the communist party’s monopoly on power all together. The party itself was renamed from the Communist Party to the Hungarian Socialist Party and was headed by Karoly Grosz who was the leader behind the coup that overthrew Kadar. Consequently, Grosz would be disgraced and removed himself from effective power in 1989 when the multi- party system was implemented. In June of that year, the Central Committee meeting would result in a drastic reform of leadership that would promise the transformation of the regime to a western style multi-party system by 1990. Administrative and logistical procedures were underway to prepare for the creation of a new constitution, schedule of elections for new legislature and executive leaders, and the implementation of laws guaranteeing civil rights and liberties (Bigler, 1992). Hungary
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