An Examination Of Native History

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An Examination of Native History
Native American. Indian. These are the names given to the Indigenous peoples of Native North America so that they may be classified together as one group, a single entity, to define thousands of years of multifaceted cultures, many of which have unfortunately been lost. Prior to European contact, many of these Native groups encompassing present day Canada to Mexico lived their lives ruled by political systems, a complex use of resources available, social stratification, and the creation of a vast array of tools and technology to further expand their cultures and populations. Many of these indigenous peoples with old world belief systems were named by Europeans and forced to acculturate themselves with distinct civilized views. But prior to Columbus’s arrival, these independent groups had created lush and intricate societies that were highly successful, practical, and functional. The political basis for many cultures often intertwined with their environmental and social situation. For people of the arctic, this meant maximizing the individual’s potential in the procurement, distribution, and consumption of food in a hunter-gatherer atmosphere (52). The harsh conditions of the environment didn’t allow the Arctic people the freedom that the Iroquois had. The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) had four basic levels of political organization, respectively; clan, town, nation, and the infamous league, a confederacy-based system that governed a much larger
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