An Example Of A And A Neurocognitive Disorders And How They Affect Personality And Behavior

1470 Words Oct 9th, 2016 6 Pages
When studying abnormal psychology, we have learned about a variety of neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive disorders and how they affect personality and behavior. In this paper I will discuss an example of both a neurodevelopmental and a neurocognitive disorder. Within each of these disorders I will provide behavioral criteria, incidence rates, causes and treatments options for each of the disorders.
The first disorder I am going to discuss is the neurodevelopmental disorder, Down Syndrome. Down Syndrome has always been fascinating to be as to its causes and its effects on people. Down Syndrome is congenital disorder resulting from a chromosome defect. Human’s have 23 pairs of chromosomes giving us a total of 46 chromosomes. When a person has Down Syndrome, they have 2 copies of chromosome 21, as opposed to the normal 1 copy of it. People who have Down Syndrome still have 23 pairs of chromosomes but, with an additional copy of chromosome 21, they have a total of 47 chromosomes. “This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome” (What is Down Syndrome, 2012). People who have from Down Syndrome will display both physical and cognitive symptoms ranging from mild to sever depending on the person. Physical symptoms of people with Down Syndrome can include; low muscle tone, small stature, flattened facial profile, wide hands with short fingers, and an upward slant in eyes. Cognitive symptoms of Down…
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