An Exploration Of Parental Encouragement And Children 's Prosocial Tendencies

1693 WordsApr 12, 20177 Pages
An Exploration of Parental Encouragement and Children’s Prosocial Tendencies in a Chinese Context Introduction Many studies in recent years have shown that there are differences between the Western and Eastern parental styles and education systems. Numerous studies have explored how different education styles can affect children’s academic performance. However, much less attention has been paid to mental health and children’s process of socialisation, especially compared to their academic performance. This project seeks to contribute to the existing knowledge on how parental encouragement can affect children’s prosocial behaviours in a Chinese context, which is extremely important in furthering the research in a number of fields,…show more content…
To explore the relationship between parental encouragement and children’s prosocial tendencies with an attempt to describe this relationship (Blaikie, 2010:69). 2. To try to understand the relationship by establishing the causes of it, for example, the elements, factors or mechanisms that can create a relationship between parental encouragement and children’s prosocial tendencies (Blaikie, 2010:69). Background This section mainly includes a review of the existing concepts, literature and theoretical frameworks. A number of studies have described the advantages of encouragement. In the Cambridge Dictionary, 'encouragement’ is defined as ‘words or behaviour that give someone confidence to do something’. Many published studies (V and Aruna, 2014; Marjanovič-Umek, Fekonja-Peklaj and Podlesek, 2013; Nicholls et al., 2004) have described the fact that encouragement is helpful in encouraging students to improve their skills and to help them to form healthy behaviours, as well as improving their academic performance. Studies such as one that was conducted by V and Aruna (2014) have proven that children who are encouraged and supported by their parents gain an advantage in school activities. V and Aruna also indicated that parents of high achievers were found to be more trusting, rewarding, loving and showed more tolerance of their children than the parents of low achievers. Successful parents frequently use words of encouragement and

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