People always like to impute all the misfortunes they have been through to their unfair destinies. However, most of the occurrences happen in the human society is not random, and every consequence must have a corresponding reason. Sometimes, the motive of one’s action is hard to find because it may be psychogenic reasons that hide deep in one’s mind. Sigmund Freud comes up the idea that “human beings are motivated, even driven, by desires, fears, needs, and conflicts of which they are unaware” (Tyson 14-15). In most of the literature works, narrators’ unconscious egos like desires and believes are often the most important factors to affect their behaviors and cause the consequential narrative events happen. Both of protagonists in the articles, Peyton Farquhar in Ambrose Bierce’s “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” and Madame Loisel in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace,” are struggled with their identities, and suffered from the delusions caused by their egos, which lead themselves to make the irretrievable mistakes, and finally, they fall to the fantasies again to defend the consequences caused by their mistakes.
Both of the protagonists are not satisfied with their current identities, their desires blind their minds, and make them easily fall into unrealistic delusions. In the “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge,” in order to create suspense, Bierce does not mention the narrator’s identity until Part II. He describes Peyton Farquhar as a “well-to-do planter;” Farquhar’s