An Oppositional Defiant Disorder ( Developmental Manual And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

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For one to understand Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) it is important to examine the criterion that place this disorder within the realm of Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders. The American Psychiatric Association note in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (2013) that, “[these] disorders include conditions involving problems in the self-control of emotions and behaviors. [They] are unique in that these problems are manifested in behaviors that violate the rights of others and/or bring the individual into significant conflict with social norms and authority figures (p. 461).” Diagnostic Features Children of all ages are prone to misbehave at school on occasion, but for children with ODD, negative…show more content…
Vindictiveness: Has been spiteful or vindictive at least twice within the past 6 months. Criterion B: The disturbance in behavior as associated with distress in the individual or others in his immediate context, or impacts negatively on social, educational, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Criterion C: The behaviors do not occur exclusively during the course of psychotic, substance use, depressive, or bipolar disorder. Also, the criteria are not met for disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (APA, 2013). Etiology and Course It is sometimes difficult to determine whether a child truly meets the criteria for having an ODD diagnosis because many of the behavioral qualifications are commonly seen among youth in early childhood and adolescence. If a child’s behaviors consistently cause distress to the family system and have an effect on his or her social and educational functioning, further evaluation is appropriate. ODD has been linked to many other comorbid disorders, such as anxiety; depression; and, most commonly, attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (Erford, Paul, Oncken & Kress, 2014). Disruptive behavior is the most common mental health problem seen by pediatricians. Although attention-deficit/
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