Throughout the health field there are many job opportunities and branches. One of those branches is sports medicine. With sports medicine there are many options to choose from. A person could be an athletic trainer, physical therapist, dietitian/nutritionist, an orthopedics doctor, or even a nurse. Each career is special in its own way and helps people in different ways also. The jobs can also coexist in the same office while equally contributing to the others.
Fifty years after the idea of gene therapy was first proposed, gene therapy has become a possible treatment for a couple different diseases. Before this treatment was approved, some serious unfavorable effects were found in clinical trials. However, these effects fueled more basic research in order to improve, in efficiency and safety. Gene therapy has been used for patients with blindness, neuromuscular disease, hemophilia, immunodeficiencies, and cancer.
Currently, modified viruses, liposomes and bacteria are being employed as vectors for gene transfer with viruses being by far the most commonly used (Bonn, 1996). According to Craig Donegan, there are three basic methods of delivery: the ex vivo method transfers DNA to cells extracted from the patient and reinjects those cells, the in vivo method injects vectors into the bloodstream to seek and bind targeted cells, and the in situ method injects vectors directly into the affected tissue (1995).
Poet Marguerite Murer once said, “A critical role in athletics I do play; Without me there would be no game today.” Sports medicine professionals and football players go hand and hand. Without Sports Medicine professionals, football players could not perform their job. Without Sports Medicine professionals, there would not be as many healthy athletes, as coaches and players would have greater opportunities to abuse recovery, causing players to ultimately get injured even further. Over time, research in the Sports Medicine field, especially pertaining to concussions, has improved the overall health and injury recovery of football players. Research has not only provided more insight into these type of injuries but has also allowed for advancements in the recovery process. Along with increasing awareness during the recovery process following an injury, research has also been applied to the development and improvement of equipment in an effort to prevent injuries before they occur.
What is Sports Medicine? Well the word says it all; sports medicine is the study and practice of medicine related to the science of sports in the areas of diagnosing and treating sports injuries, injury prevention, and athletic training that includes workouts or exercises and nutrition. In other words, sports medicine is a field of medicine that concentrates exclusively on the injuries resulting from sports such as football, baseball, basketball, and other sports. There are many different kinds of sports injuries; therefore there have to be several kinds of orthopedics or specialists to treat patients according to their injuries. There are many sport medicine researchers that are working hard to find different ways to help all kinds of
Do you enjoy getting tackled over and over again? So then why would you let your kid get tackled over and over again? There are many benefits to sports but like all things, there have to be cons. There have been countless deaths, injuries and brain damage in football.
There is news all over the sports world about athletes getting injured with hairline fractures, torn ACLs, and most often, concussions. Little do the spectators know that those injuries to the head put those victims at a greater risk for something far worse later in their lifetime. Diseases like ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) and CTEs (chronic traumatic encephalopathy) can be caused to occur earlier in an athlete’s life rather than a non athlete due to these blows to the head they suffer on a weekly basis.
The SCOI event that was hosted last night featured Dr. Brian Dierckman an orthopedic sports medicine surgeon who spoke about hip care and preservation to reduce the chances of needing a hip replacement. He began with an introduction of himself and alludes to his own him problems which he discusses later on. He then goes on to speak about the hip joint as a whole, a seemingly very stable ball and socket joint in comparison to others like the shoulder. He adds on that this is more accurate than one may assume. Though the joint is not visibly instable from an outside standpoint, lots of microinstability can be under the surface, caused by bone gaps between the ball and cartilage, which can ultimately lead to arthritis. This is a fairly new discovery,
Genes are “the building blocks of our bodies” states AMA, because of how they act like instructions of sorts and carry the information that would help create proteins, they’re made up of hundreds of DNA and according to the Human Genome Project, humans have about 20,000 to 25,000 genes in them. Originally gene therapy was intended to be used for treating and curing diseases, which are caused by mutations in the genes, and by injecting in healthy DNA into the cells, it “repairs” the genes that are missing or not working properly. Genetic enhancement can be used for athletes, it’d be considered “gene-doping” though, technically the same process except with a different
Without a vector, mutated cells cannot be targeted, which means the treatment would be ineffective. Since the 1990’s, scientists have experimented with the use of viral vectors, such retroviruses, adeno viruses and adeno asscociated viruses. Viruses contain a circular piece of DNA known as the plasmid. During gene therapy, the segment of DNA responsible for viral spread is removed. The correct copy of the mutated gene is then inserted into the virus. The virus is then inhaled,swallowed or injected depending on the location of the target cells. (in the case of CF, the vector is inhaled). Retroviruses are viruses that contains RNA instead of DNA. Retroviruses can only infect dividing cells and the viral RNA needs to be reverse transcribed to DNA, so that gene can be replicated for mitosis (this is done using enzymes). Unfortunately, retroviruses have been found to implant genes into random parts of the genome. This means that the introduced gene can disrupt an existing, functional gene. Between 1999 and 2006, reasearchers performed gene therapy on 5 children with a genetic immune defficiency, using retroviruses as vectors. By 2006, all 5 of these children had developed leukemia as a result of the vector implanting into a random part of the genome. Adenoviruses have also been used as vectors, however, they do not integrate into the genome permaneatly and are likely to trigger an immune response. In 1999,
My whole life sports have been a crucial component of who I am and always a top priority. Every weekend my friends would say “Do you want to do something this weekend?” and I quickly got accustomed to saying “No, I have volleyball,” or “Sorry, I have a track meet,” but it did not bother me in the least because I was doing what I love to do. I had always heard of athletes sustaining sports-related injuries, and though I have had a plethora of bruises and minor sprains, I never thought that I could be seriously injured.
Imagine if every athlete never got hurt or injured while doing a sport. Well, that will never be reality. Many student athletes never think of the outcome from doing sports. The only thing that is on their mind is becoming the fastest or strongest athlete, and that’s not going to change anytime soon.
The active sports lifestyle is crucial for proper growth and body development in children. Unfortunately, the risk of mild and severe injuries in youth sports is unavoidable. While occasional bumps and bruises have become an integral part of each game, severe fractures and painful sprains and strains have become top sports-related injuries that have sent millions of children in the emergency room in the past few years.
Millions of people give up on recovering from an injury. “Sports and recreational activities contribute to approximately 21 percent of all traumatic brain injuries among american children” (“Sports injury statics”). This is very dangerous because people can die from brain injuries and really get hurt. To help sports injuries people need to educate others about sports, improve the equipment, and motivate others to work through their injury.
In the U.S there are thirty million or more children/teens that participate in sports. Out of the 30 million children/teens that participate in sports, 3.5 million of those children/teens get injured each year.