An Outline of the Basic Concepts of Narrative Therapy.

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An outline of the basic concepts of Narrative therapy. Narrative therapy Michael white and David Epston are best known for their use of narrative in therapy. According to white individuals construct the meaning of life in interpretive stories which are then treated as truth. Adopting a postmodern, narrative, social constructionist view sheds light on how power knowledge and truth are negotiated in families and other social and cultural contexts. Key concepts Focus narrative therapy involves adopting a shift in focus from most traditional theories. Therapists listen respectfully to clients stories to search for times in the clients lives where they were resourceful, use questions as a way to engage clients, avoid diagnosing and…show more content…
Narrative therapists use questions to generate experience rather than to gather information. The aim of the questioning is to progressively discover or construct the clients experience so that the therapist has a sense of what direction to pursue. Questions are always asked from a position of respect and openness. Narrative therapists use questions to attempt to engage people in deconstructing problem saturated stories, identifying preferred directions and creating alternative stories that support these directions. Externalization and deconstruction narrative therapists differ from many traditional therapists in believing that the person is not the problem, the problem is the problem. Living within problem saturated lives can leave people feeling extremely negative. Therapists help clients in the deconstruction of problematic stories by disassembling the stories and searching for and creating alternative endings. Externalization is one process for deconstructing the power of a narrative. This is where the person is separated from the problem. When clients experience the problem as outside of themselves they can develop a relationship with the problem, for example calling someone an alcoholic or saying that alcohol has invaded someone’s life. This creates hope and allows the client to challenge specific story lines such as self blame. This method (externalizing conversations)
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