An Overview of Anatomy Essay

997 WordsSep 24, 20124 Pages
An Overview of Anatomy Exercise 1: Anatomical Position QUESTION: A. Explain why it is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying the structure of humans. Having a universally accepted anatomical positional is important to avoid confusion. It creates a reference point so that no matter language or background of different people, they can still communicate efficiently. Exercise 2: Surface Anatomy A. Review Figure 3. Complete the table by placing each letter from the figure next to its corresponding body landmark. Body Landmark|Letter| Sural|K| Popliteal|| D Tarsal|E| Calcaneal|L| Brachial|F| Cranial|A| Acromial|H| Buccal|| B Axillary|C| Olecrenal|I| Occipital|G|…show more content…
Removes undigested waste from the body.| 6. Urinary|Urinary bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra|Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-based balance of the blood.| 7. Skeletal |Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments and joints|Protects and supports body organs, and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. Blood cells are formed within bones.| 8. Cardiovascular|Heart, blood vessels|Transports oxygen and nutrients to the cells and removes carbon dioxide and waste from the cells through blood.| 9. Nervous|Brain, spinal cord, nerves|As the fast acting control system of the body, it responds to internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands.| 10. Integumentary |Epidermal and dermal regions and contains cutaneous sense organs|Forms the external body covering, and protects deeper tissues from injury. Synthesizes vitamin D and houses cutaneous receptors and sweat and oil glands.| 11. Muscular |Skeletal muscles|Contracts and shortens to provide movement. Generates heat for the body| QUESTION: B. Describe how cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems are related to each other. Cells are the building blocks of life. Groups of cells make up tissues. Groups of tissues make up organs. Groups of organs make up organ sysmtems. A. A jogger steps into a pothole and sprains his ankle. Describe all of the organ systems that would be affected or involved in this
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