An Overview of the Greek and Roman Empire

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Victoria Sogbesan Ms.Skinner World History 20 April 2015 Greek: Geography played an important role in the development of Gee civilization. The mountains and the sea played especially significant roles in the development of Greek history. Much of Greece consists of small plains river valleys surrounded by high mountain ranges. The mountain isolated Greeks from one another, causing different Greek communities to develop their own ways of life. The sea also influenced the evolution of Greek society. The Greeks lived on a number of islands to the west, south, and east of the Greek mainland. By 2800 B.C, a Bronze Age civilization that used metals, especially bronze, in making weapons had been established on the large island of Crete,…show more content…
The Apennines are less rugged than the mountain ranges of Greece and did not divide the Italian peninsula into many small, isolated communities. Italy also had more land for farming than did Greece, enabling it to support a large population. Indo-European peoples moved into Italy during the period from about 150 to 1000 B.C. Roman tradition maintains that early Rome was under the control of seven kings and that two of the last three kings were Etruscans. The Romans had been ruled by kings under the Etruscans. As a result, they distrusted kingship and devised a very different system of government. At the beginning of the republic, Rome was surrounded by enemies. For the next two hundred yeas, the city was engaged in almost continuous warfare. Romans believed that their early ancestors were successful because of their sense of duty, courage and discipline. Early Rome was divided into two group or orders. Rome first code of law was the Twelve Tables, which was adopted in 450 B.C. This code was a product of a simple farming society and proves inadequate for later Roma needs. Rome conquers the Mediterranean, they was the first Punic war, and the second Punic war. By the second century B.C, the Senate had become the real governing body of
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